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ECO: Efficient Convolution Operators for Tracking

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Accepted at CVPR 2017.

In recent years, Discriminative Correlation Filter (DCF) based methods have significantly advanced the state-of-the-art in tracking. However, in the pursuit of ever increasing tracking performance, their characteristic speed and real-time capability have gradually faded. Further, the increasingly complex models, with massive number of trainable parameters, have introduced the risk of severe over-fitting. In this work, we tackle the key causes behind the problems of computational complexity and over-fitting, with the aim of simultaneously improving \emph{both} speed and performance.

We revisit the core DCF formulation and introduce: (i) a factorized convolution operator, which drastically reduces the number of parameters in the model; (ii) a compact generative model of the training sample distribution, that significantly reduces memory and time complexity, while providing better diversity of samples; (iii) a conservative model update strategy with improved robustness and reduced complexity. We perform comprehensive experiments on four benchmarks: VOT2016, UAV123, OTB-2015, and TempleColor. When using expensive deep features, our tracker provides a 20-fold speedup and achieves a 13.3% relative gain in Expected Average Overlap compared to the top ranked method C-COT in the VOT2016 challenge. Moreover, our fast variant, using hand-crafted features, operates at 60 Hz on a single CPU, while obtaining 64.8% AUC on OTB-2015.


Martin Danelljan, Goutam Bhat, Fahad Khan, Michael Felsberg.
ECO: Efficient Convolution Operators for Tracking.
In Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2017.


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